Researchers identified a sample of nearly 47,000 patients in the United States aged 0 to 80 diagnosed with ocular trauma from 2002 to 2011 using a national health care database. They described serious ocular trauma injuries, as including orbital fractures and being pierced by objects, and in many cases preventable. They examined the cause of injury, type of injury, length of hospital stay and total cost of hospitalisation.
- Most of the 8,425 falls recorded happened to those 60 and older. Among the types of falls, slipping caused nearly 3,000 eye injuries. Falling down stairs caused 900 eye injuries.
- In total, nearly 8,000 hospitalisations for eye injuries were caused by fighting and various types of assault. “Unarmed fight or brawl” came in at number two overall among specific causes of eye injuries requiring hospitalisation, but was the top cause reported for ages 10 to 59.
- For children aged 10 and under, the leading cause of eye injury was being struck by accident by a person or object. Car crashes and accidentally being pierced or cut by a sharp object (such as scissors) were second and third on the list of causes.