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HomemieyecareDisposable Contact Lenses

Disposable Contact Lenses

As dedicated eye care practitioners we should ask our patients for feedback on the types of contact lenses they are using. More and more evidence is suggesting that our patients may be happier with frequent-replacement disposable contact lenses. Indeed, daily and two-weekly lenses are very popular. This article reviews the findings of various studies that have evaluated and compared the benefits of daily, two-weekly and monthly replacement schedules for disposable contact lenses.

The convenience of daily disposable and frequent-replacement contact lenses has been known for some time. In 1996, Solomon et al published findings from a three year prospective study demonstrating that daily disposable contact lenses were the most trouble-free way of wearing contact lenses.5

Comparing Replacement Schedules

Daily disposable lenses in this study were associated with better overall patient satisfaction scores for comfort, vision, and less lens surface deposits when daily disposable schedule was compared with the conventional daily wear, one and three month replacement lenses in particular (Figure 1).

Of 338 subjects enrolled, 126 wore conventional daily contact lenses, 144 had frequent (two week, one or three month) replacement lenses, and 68 had daily disposable lenses. Overall, 229 of the subjects completed the study. Most of those who discontinued had either violated the study protocol or were unavailable for a follow-up, although the conventional daily wear group had a higher proportion of contact lensrelated discontinuations.

In the Solomon study, the two week replacement lens performed favourably to the conventional daily disposable lens on several parameters.

Greater Comfort, Better Vision

Several subsequent studies have only served to strengthen the possibility that two week lenses may offer patients better clinical performance compared with one month lenses.

A large scale study revealed a high degree of patient satisfaction with a two weekly replacement contact lens. In this prospective study involving more than 700 patients, many of whom had previously worn a monthly lens, 57 per cent of patients graded overall comfort for their new two week lens as slightly better or definitely better than their previous lens.1


Reducing Lens Deposits and Eye Infections

In a prospective study involving 46 subjects, 47 per cent of monthly lenses showed significant lens deposition (ie, grade >1 on a scale from 0-4) compared with 20 per cent of two weekly lenses after one month. At three months, significant deposits were seen on 54 per cent and 32 per cent, respectively.6

A retrospective study of 47 patients showed that patients on a one day to three week replacement cycle had a significantly lower risk of developing giant papillary conjunctivitis (GPC) than those who replaced their lenses at longer intervals (4.5 per cent vs 36 per cent, respectively; Figure 2).3

Despite evidence suggesting superior clinical performance with high replacement-frequency disposable lenses, many patients are still wearing monthly lenses. According to a recent 2008 report on U.K. prescribing data, 41 per cent of new soft lens fittings and 51 per cent of re-fits are for monthly replacement.6

Willingness to Change

Eye care practitioners may be inclined to assume that most of their patients who wear monthly lenses are satisfied with their current lenses and no change is required.2 However, more than two thirds of monthly contact lens wearers still experience discomfort with their lenses, regardless of the type of contact lens material (Figure 3a). More than 90 per cent of monthly lens wearers that experience discomfort over the course of the month begin to notice this in weeks three and four (Figure 3b). Clearly, these are key issues to address if we are to provide optimal lens wear to our patients.

The main findings of a French survey of 434 monthly lens wearers conducted in 2007 can be summarised as follows:2

  • 93 per cent said they would consider trying a new lens that provided better comfort.
  • 97 per cent showed an interest in a lens that would give better ocular health.
  • 93 per cent indicated they would still be interested in trying a new lens even if they had to replace it more often.
  • 83 per cent said they could also be persuaded to pay more for a new lens if it offered better ocular health.
  • 85 per cent said they would like their eye care practitioner to keep them up-to-date in terms of new lenses on the market, especially if they might improve their ocular health.
  • 90 per cent would expect such lenses to be recommended to them.


In Conclusion

High replacement-frequency disposable contact lenses have become very popular in recent years. Besides offering superior clinical performance over monthly lenses, wearers experienced higher satisfaction levels.

Despite their growing popularity, many patients are still wearing monthly lenses perhaps due to an inclination of eye care practitioners who assume their patients are satisfied with their existing lenses. However, evidence suggests that most patients wearing monthly lenses would consider changing to lenses that perform better and would be willing to pay for such an upgrade. In addition, most patients would like to be informed about new lenses on the market that might help to improve their ocular health. Eye care professionals should therefore consider proactively discussing lens innovations with their patients.

Ng Quan Wei is a qualified optometrist (BSc (Hons) Optom, MSc Invest. Ophthalmology & Vision Sci., U.K), looks after the professional & regulatory affairs for Johnson & Johnson Vision Care and sits on the council committee of the Singapore Optometric Association.

References:

  1. Sulley A, Meyler J. A comparison of patient satisfaction between two-weekly and monthly replacement. Optician 2001;222(5817):20-26.
  2. Frangie J, Schiller S, Hill LA. Understanding lens performance from wearers of monthly replacement contact lenses. Optometry Today 2008;48:12.
  3. Donshik PC, Porazinski AD. Giant papillary conjunctivitis in frequent-replacement contact lens wearers: a retrospective study. Trans Am Ophthalmol Soc 1999;97;205-216.
  4. Hidalgo F, Flack G, Grewel I. A clinical investigation of two frequent replacement soft lenses. Optician 1999;218(5730):18-22.
  5. Solomon OD, Freeman MI, Boshnick EL, et al. A 3-year prospective study of the clinical performance of daily disposable contact lenses compared with frequent replacement and conventional daily wear contact lenses. CLAO J 1996;22(4):250-257.
  6. Morgan P, Efron N. Trends in UK contact lens prescribing 2008. Optician 2008;235:6154:18-19.

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